SICARII

SICARII, name, of Latin origin, used by josephus for Jewish patriots who maintained active resistance against the Roman government of Judea, and Jewish collaborators with it, during the period 6–73 C.E. The name derived from the Latin word sica, "curved dagger"; in Roman usage, sicarii, i.e., those armed with such weapons, was a synonym for bandits. According to Josephus, the Jewish Sicarii used short daggers, μικρἁ Ξιφίδια (mikra ziphidia), concealed in their clothing, to murder their victims, usually at religious festivals (Wars, 2:254–5, 425; Ant., 20:186–7). The fact that Josephus employs the Latin sicarii, transliterated into Greek as σικαριοι (sikarioi) suggests that he adopted a term used by the Roman occupation forces; his own (Greek) word for "bandit," which he more generally uses to describe the Jewish resistance fighters, is λησταί (lestai). For a full description of their activities, see zealots and Sicarii. (Samuel G.F. Brandon)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sicarii — (Latin plural of Sicarius dagger or later contract killer) is a term applied, in the decades immediately preceding the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE, (probably) to an extremist splinter group [Nachman Ben Yehuda,… …   Wikipedia

  • Sicarii — Sicarii, nach Latreille Zunft aus der Zweiflüglerfamilie Tanystoma, mit den Gattungen: Coenomyia, Chiromyza, Pachystomus …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ZEALOTS AND SICARII — Introduction This article deals not only with the group of fighters for the freedom of Israel known from josephus as the Zealots, but includes in its survey other groups with similar aims, particularly the Sicarii. Judea differed from the other… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zealotry — Zealot redirects here. For other uses, see Zealot (disambiguation). Zealotry was originally a political movement in 1st century Second Temple Judaism which sought to incite the people of Iudaea Province to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel …   Wikipedia

  • Masada — This article is about the Judean fortress. For other uses, see Masada (disambiguation). Masada * UNESCO World Heritage Site …   Wikipedia

  • Sicaires —  Cet article parle des Sicaires en tant que courant judaïque. Pour le terme littéraire ou historique désignant un tueur à gages, voir Sicaire Les Sicaires sont une faction de dissidents juifs extrémistes[1] qui tenta d’expulser les Romains… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SIKARIKON — SIKARIKON, a term in tannaitic literature, referring to property, particularly land and slaves, expropriated from Jews by the Roman authorities. Most of the relevant laws deal with the legal status of such land which has been acquired or which… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • History of terrorism — Terrorism Definitions · Counter terrorism International conventions Anti terrorism legislation Terrorism insurance …   Wikipedia

  • ELEAZAR BEN JAIR — (first cent. C.E.), chief of the Sicarii who captured the fortress of masada at the beginning of the Roman war (Jos., Wars, 2:447; 7:275ff.). Eleazar was commander of the besieged fortress from 66 until its fall in 73. According to Josephus he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judas Iscariot — Judas Iscariot, , , , ), implying that it was not Judas, but his father, who came from here. [Richard Bauckham, Jesus and the Eyewitnesses: The Gospels as Eyewitness Testimony , Eerdmans (2006), page 106.] Some speculate that Kerioth refers to a… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.